Dissemination and Presentation of Weather Information
Uganda National Meteorological Authority (formerly Department of Meteorology) under the Ministry of Water and Environment is a semi-autonomous government institution for weather and climate services (UNMA Act. 2012) and a focal institution to Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), an international body of experts mandated to analyze scientific research findings on climate change. The Government of Uganda (GoU) has always recognized natural resources (including weather and climate) as a basic factor in the country’s national development process. It is well documented and common knowledge that the day to day management and harnessing of all-natural resources are largely dependent on the state of the environment, weather, and climate. Weather and climate is therefore, an important factor in the social and economic development of the country as it has major influences on the developments of all other sectors of the economy.
The directorate is responsible for the collection and distribution of real-time weather information from all outstations in the field as well as producing daily public and aviation forecasts. Weather forecast services generate products to serve the interests of different clients and among others, these include;
Daily advisories and forecasts for Aviation.
Meteorological Watch Office (MWO) for Uganda, keeping a watch of weather conditions over the entire Ugandan airspace.
Responsible for Pilot Briefings before take-off from Entebbe airport through preparation and issuance of routine pilot folders
Public weather service issuing forecasts through Radios, Print media, Television, cell phone SMS.
Special tailored Mobile Weather Alert service where daily forecasts and alerts on severe weather to the fisheries community on Lake Victoria sent via Mobile phone SMS.
Through the national Meteorological centre-Entebbe, the directorate is responsible for sharing weather data with the rest of the globe through the Global Telecommunication System (GTS) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
Maintaining a good telecommunication system to exchange real-time weather information rapidly across the World.
The main objective of the Climate and Environment Division is to engage in and coordinate studies and recent development in climate and atmospheric environment; to foster collaboration on environmental issues with relevant institutions and other government agencies and departments; and to educate the public on the impact of pollution on weather, climate and the environment. The main functions of the division are
Carry out research in Climate Change, Climate Variability as well as modeling the future climate projections.
Maintain inventory of pollution emission sources in major urban centres in the country.
Coordinate Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change activities in the country.
Follow up activities related to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the United Nations Convention for Combating desertification (UNCCD).
Promote and coordinate research activities on climate and related fields within and outside UNMA.
Promote research on regional Numerical Weather Prediction simulation models.