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WASTE RECYCLING AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

Over 80,000 hectares of private and protected forests are cleared annually for charcoal and timber (IRIN 2012), thus an increase from the estimated 50,000 hectares in 2004 (Knöpfle 2004). About 4 million tones of wood are consumed every year; accounting for over 70% of deforestation in Uganda. Between 1990 and 2010, the country lost over 36% of natural forest cover (MEMD 2010).

While charcoal is used predominantly at household levels, firewood is used massively by educational institutions, prisons, hospitals, brick/tile and cement industries. Alternative sources of cooking fuel is organic waste which is abundant in urban areas. ;

Recycling organic waste into fuels and fertilizers addresses two big problems; saving trees and forests and promoting sanitation in urban areas.

Urbanization, industrial development and population growth create waste management challenge in municipalities. In Kampala city (Uganda), only about 30% of solid waste generated daily is collected (OAG, 2010). .

Preliminary studies have identified some of the factors limiting bio-waste recycling in Uganda. These include: Inadequate awareness of values of bio-waste recycling; psycho-social sensitivities on reusing bio-waste (specifically human excreta);.

The rest is openly dumped; occasionally in water drainage channels, leading to flooding, health hazards and physical damages. Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) spends over $1.53 million (30-50% of total budget) on collecting only 30 per cent of the waste.

Preliminary studies have identified some of the factors limiting bio-waste recycling in Uganda. These include: Inadequate awareness of values of bio-waste recycling; psycho-social sensitivities on reusing bio-waste (specifically human excreta);.

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